Many researchers contributed to an understanding of the poliomyelitis virus and its control with immunizations. Preventing poliomyelitis was the focus of the work done in the first half of the Twentieth Century. Other scientists and physicians left an important legacy by developing treatments and devices during that time. These individuals are featured. John R. Paul's 1971 A History of Poliomyelitis (New Haven: Yale University Press) was the major resource for descriptions of people who contributed to identifying the virus and developing the vaccines.
Many people have been instrumental in improving the lives of polio's survivors - the people for whom the vaccine was too late. They, too, are included in this section. Suggestions of names to add to "People" may be submitted through "Contact."
In addition to biographical information, major articles written by each person are listed. Entities such as universities, non-profits, and the federal government provide access to scientific and medical articles through special websites called aggregators. They were used to help assemble the articles."
Leone Norwood Farrell, PhD - April 13, 1904 - September 24, 1986
Simon Flexner, MD - March 25, 1863 - May 2, 1946
Thomas Francis, Jr., MD - July 15, 1900 - October 1, 1969
Paul Randall Harrington, MD - September 27, 1911 - November 29, 1980
Judith Ellen Heumann - December 18, 1947 -
Dorothy Millicent Horstmann, MD - July 2, 1911 - January 11, 2001
Florence Peterson Kendall - May 5, 1910 - January 28, 2006
Sister Elizabeth Kenny - September 20, 1880 - November 30, 1952
Ruth L. Kirschstein, MD - October 12, 1926 - October 6, 2009
Hilary Koprowski, MD - December 5, 1916 - April 11, 2013