Many researchers contributed to an understanding of the poliomyelitis virus and its control with immunizations. Preventing poliomyelitis was the focus of the work done in the first half of the Twentieth Century. Other scientists and physicians left an important legacy by developing treatments and devices during that time. These individuals are featured. John R. Paul's 1971 A History of Poliomyelitis (New Haven: Yale University Press) was the major resource for descriptions of people who contributed to identifying the virus and developing the vaccines.
Many people have been instrumental in improving the lives of polio's survivors - the people for whom the vaccine was too late. They, too, are included in this section. Suggestions of names to add to "People" may be submitted through "Contact."
In addition to biographical information, major articles written by each person are listed. Entities such as universities, non-profits, and the federal government provide access to scientific and medical articles through special websites called aggregators. They were used to help assemble the articles."
Karl Landsteiner, MD - June 14, 1868 - June 26, 1943
Virginia "Gini" Grace Wilson Laurie - June 10, 1913 - June 28, 1989
Dame Annie Jean Macnamara, MD - April 1, 1899 - October 13, 1968
Joseph Louis Melnick, PhD - October 9, 1914 - January 7, 2001
Isabel Merrick Morgan, PhD - August 20, 1911 - August 18, 1996
Basil O'Connor - January 8, 1892 - March 9, 1972
John Rodman Paul, MD - April 18, 1893 - May 6, 1971
Jacquelin Perry, MD, DSc (Hon) - May 31, 1918 - March 11, 2013
Thomas Milton Rivers, MD - September 3, 1868 - May 12, 1962
Frederick Chapman Robbins, MD - August 25, 1916 - August 4, 2003